By way of introduction to this
topic, I want to state first and foremost that I AM NOT the
author! We all run across individuals who teach us things we need to
even if we had no idea we needed to know. Sometimes, we run across them in
cyberspace. We may never meet them face to face, or hear what their voice
sounds like, but that doesn't make the knowledge any less valuable. For me,
Sue Ailsby is one of those teachers. If you'd like this in printer-friendly
format, click here to download the pdf file.
Once upon a time, I was on an
internet list called Canine-L. So was Sue. At the time, Sue had Giant Schnauzers
(Spider, Song, and Slick are the names I remember). She lived in Canada, and
her husband was/is(?) associated with the University of Regina. I think he
was/is a surgeon. I have lost contact with Sue, but hope to renew our Internet
relationship. Her last known, and possibly current email address was/is ailsby@LEROY.CC.UREGINA.CA.
Sue is a wonderful writer, with a quick wit and great insight. She plans to
write a book about training-the title she mentioned is "Mind to Mind Training."
I want that book!
The topic of aggression in dogs
came up on Canine-L, and after a period of silence, Sue posted her "Dominance
Problem Solving Program" aka K9 Military School.
In my experience, this information
is clearly written, based in sound principles, and most important of all,
EFFECTIVE! I feel so strongly about its value that I asked Sue for permission
to pass it on, with attribution of course. She said that as long as I gave
her credit, I could use it in any way that would help anyone who needed the
So Sue, once again, thanks for
something I think everyone who owns dogs should have access to-knowledge!
Without further ado, here it is.
PROBLEM SOLVING PROGRAM
This is where I start discussions
with my private students - both people with aggressive/badly civilized older
dogs, and to a milder degree people with new pups:
Military School is designed as
a problem-solving tool. Some of the items will be used for the rest of the
dog's life - particularly suggest the feeding regimen, possession, the song,
and the roadwork. Other items will be done only until the dog understands
his position in society. When he graduates, release him from the items
one at a time over a period of several weeks, watching for him to go back
to his old ways. Many people send the dog to Military School one month in
six as a preventative measure. If there is any part of Military School
that is liable to get you bitten while you're doing it, DON'T DO IT and GET
HELP from a competent trainer!
1. Umbilical cord
As much as possible when you
are at home, keep the dog on leash and with you. Put a 6ft leash on the dog,
and attach the other end of the leash to a sturdy belt around your waist.
Ignore the dog and go about your business. Having to constantly watch what
you do and where you go will not only bond the dog to you, but will help make
you important in his eyes.
2. Eye contact x 2
For up to 3 minutes twice a day,
sit down with the dog sitting between your knees, and use a command such as
Watch Me to get eye contact. If necessary, you might actually hold the dog's
face to get eye contact.
3. Obedience x 2
Twice a day, run quickly through
an obedience session using whatever the dog knows how to do - Sit, Down, Come,
Stay, Heel repeat as needed. Train for 5 minutes each session. Do NOT touch
the dog to praise him use voice praise only.
4. Feed x 2
When food is left down for the
dog to eat ad lib, the dog owns the food. Ownership is what dominance is all
about, so we must take possession of the food. Feed the dog twice a day, in
a confined area such as a crate or the bathroom. Use a Feeding Ritual. Ask
him if he's hungry, ask him to help find his dish, to help find the food,
ask him again if he's hungry, tell him to go to his area or get in his crate,
give him the food. As soon as he's finished, or as soon as he turns away from
his food, or if he doesn't begin eating immediately, take the dish away, throw
away the food, and clean the dish. If the dog is not successful at eating
(doesn't eat his whole meal), give him half the regular amount at his next
meal, until he is cleaning the bottom of the dish. A successful meal means
he gets more at his next meal, until he is eating the amount that will keep
him in optimum condition. The food must be high-quality and low-bulk. Water
should be freely available all day. Give no treats in the food or by hand.
Dogs love rituals and you are teaching his body to get ready to eat when he
hears the beginning of the ritual.
5. Possession is 9/10
of the Law
At least once a day, roll the
dog over on the floor or on your lap, and handle him. Repeat the words These
are my ears! This is my paw! This is my muzzle! This is my tail! as you handle
him. If he struggles, express your annoyance with a growl and a little shake,
and start again. It's important that the dog doesn't get away; then he has
informed you that he owns his muzzle, and that can't be true. When he is completely
relaxed and accepts your ownership, say OK and release him.
6. Long Down-Stay
Do one 30-minute Down-Stay every
day. You can watch TV but the dog must be in plain sight and you must be aware
of him. He can roll over, go to sleep, and look annoyed or bored, but he cannot
get up or walk away.
7. I'm-The-Mommy Down
At least once a day, just because
you felt like it, tell the dog to lie down. When he does, use your voice only
to tell him he did a good job, say Okay, and walk away.
8. Music Soothes . . .
Make up a little song which includes
the dog's name, make eye contact and sing it to him at least once a day. It
doesn't have to rhyme, but it should make you both laugh. This reminds both
you and the dog that life isn't always going to be this hard, and you do want
to be friends when you're done. Here's my song for my Giant Schnauzer Spider:
Itsy bitsy Spider ate the water spout, ate the kitchen chair and some sauerkraut,
Chased a cat and chewed her ball, went to bed and said 'that's all!
9. Bosshood Is In The
Eye Of The Beholder
Consider life from the dog's
point of view. He sleeps where he wants, he eats when he wants, he leads you
around. Any wonder he gets the impression that he's the Boss? Don't allow
him to go through doors ahead of you. Don't allow him to go up or down stairs
ahead of you. Don't allow him to lead you down hallways. Always position him
so you are leading and he is following. If he's lying down, don't walk around
him. Put your feet on the floor and shuffle right through him (note you don't
kick the dog, merely push him gently out of the way). Make him think about
where you are and what you're doing. When he orders you to let him out, take
charge of going outside. Build a ritual around the door. Focus his attention
on you: Do you want to go out? Go to the door? Want to go out? Sit. Down.
Sit. Stay. Then open the door and order him out: Okay, go outside! You change
the situation so you are in charge of it. Keep the dog on the floor. Not on
the couch, not on the chair, not halfway up the stairs surveying his domain,
not in your lap, not on the car seat. On the floor. Don't leave the dog loose
in the house or yard when you're not home. Free run of the house when the
Boss isn't home allows the dog to feel powerful and in charge. Don't allow
the dog to sleep on your bed, or on a child's bed. Dogs recognize the bed
as a throne for the Boss. If he sleeps away from you, however, he will think
that you own the bedroom, but he owns the rest of the house. The dog should
sleep in your bedroom. If you can't have him sleeping in your bedroom (allergies,
for instance), confine him to his crate.
10. Work Off Energy
Roadwork the dog 4 days a week.
Start small, but work up to a mile for small dogs, 2 miles for medium dogs,
and 3 miles for large dogs. Many problems will disappear with no more effort
than roadworking. You can jog with the dog, or ride a bike, or longe him with
a Flexilead, or use a motorised trike, or lend him to a jogger who's afraid
of being mugged.
11. Busy Hands Are Happy
If you want to pet the dog, he
must first do pushups -- Sit, Down, Sit, Down, Sit, Down, Sit, Down -- then
you can pet him for a count of 5 only. He never gets petted because he wants
to be or because he demands it, only because you want to and he earns it.
Then you pet him for only a moment, and turn away with him wanting more.
12. My Game, My Rules
Give the dog only one toy. If
he wants to chase the toy, bring it to you and let you have it, throw it again.
If he won't chase it, or won't give it to you, turn your back and walk away.
He has two choices, he can play with you and the toy, or he can play with
the toy alone. Do not, under any circumstances, play tug-of-war. When you
can get the toy without chasing him or playing tug, pick it up and put it
13. Eliminate Hormones
Have problem dogs neutered. Many
problems will solve themselves with no more effort than this. Not only will
the dog be healthier and easier to live with, but your life will be made simpler,
and you eliminate the possibility of your problem dog producing more problem
Don't argue - try
it! Cribbed from many sources, of course, the best one was "Behavior Problems
in Dogs" by William Campbell.